Are you ready for self-driving cars?
Are they ready for you?
On 22 August 2016 Singapore's nuTonomy, a business founded by researchers from MIT, said it had began testing a free taxi-hailing service in a local business district of about 0.8 miles surrounded by tech and biotechnology companies.
The public road test, announced in The Wall Street Journal, supposedly beat Uber Technologies' U.S. trial using its own driver and a tech observer, to be conducted in Pittsburgh, PA, by a few days.
Articles on self-driving cars are beginning to increase not only in tech and automotive publications but also mainstream media, such as USA Today. To illustrate, there was a recent Today editorial about the need for government regulators, like the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), to proceed with caution. That agency is investigating the fatal crash of a driver in Florida who was operating a Tesla car with the Autopilot system.
As we post the first of the month there's news that Google is moving into the ride-sharing market in the San Francisco area competing with what appears to be its former business partner, Uber. Google is using the Waze app, which it owns, to pair fellow commuters for less money than it would cost to take Uber or Lyft.
But we may be getting ahead of ourselves
Perhaps the place to begin is with a definition of terms, NHTSA's defined five levels of autonomy based on how many car functions are computer controlled. There are five levels, 0 to 4 and the goal for most auto companies (GM, Ford and Tesla) is to reach level 4 approval.
Here's a description of each level with examples provided by Bloomberg Business Week:
Level 0--1972 Chevrolet Vega
Driver: The driver is in complete control of the car at all times
Vehicle: Automatic transmission optional
Level 1--1998 Mercedes S5000
Driver: Driver can regain control or stop the car more quickly than when driving without the automated function or functions
Vehicle: Automation of one or more specific control functions, such as assisted braking
Level 2--2016 Tesla Model S
Driver: Driver shares control as an intermittent operator; you'll want to take your hands off the wheel, but you shouldn't
Vehicle: Partial automation of at least two primary control functions working together (e.g., adaptive cruise control with lane centering) to relieve driver of tasks
Level 3--Uber, Google
Driver: Professionally trained operator for ride-hailing service cedes full control during certain conditions
Vehicle: Steering, throttle, braking, and other critical functions are automated; the car can monitor changes in road conditions (e.g., construction) that might require the human to retake control
Level 4--JohnnyCab (a 2084 robot taxi from Total Recall)
Driver: Driver selects destination, doesn't control car functions
Vehicle: Fully automated; designed to perform all safety-critical functions and monitor road conditions for an entire trip; responsibility for safe operation rests solely with the vehicle
There'll be more hype from innovators and investors as well as concern from consumer safety researchers as this new way of driving or riding unfolds. Certainly regulators and politicians will be weighing in as well.
Who will lose, and gain, employment as Silicon Valley moves to the Midwest and other areas?
While only a foolish mind would try to predict the outcome, one thing is sure--there are big businesses (Apple, GM, Ford, Tesla, Toyota, Google, Uber, Lyft, Intel, Mercedes Benz, Honda, Delphi) making big bets (nearly a billion dollars in 2016) that autonomous vehicles are the future.
At what point will consumers, government regulators, insurers, and Wall Street, agree?
Russ Bredholt, Jr.
(C) Bredholt & Co.